Summary of SB 216 – as passed by Senate March 26, 2018

   

State Board of Education

Tess Elshoff, President – Nancy Hollister, Vice President

Paolo DeMaria, Superintendent of Public Instruction

Summary of Senate Bill 216

As Passed by the Senate

State achievement assessments

• Requires the Department to request an analysis from the test vendor explaining how questions on each of the state achievement assessments and end-of-course exams are aligned to the statewide academic content standards. (ORC 3301.078)

• Requires the Department to request from the test vendor information and materials for assistance with the state achievement assessments, including practice tests and other preparatory materials. (ORC 3301.078)

• Permits public and chartered nonpublic schools to administer the third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade state achievement assessments in a paper format or a combination of online and paper formats. Allows schools to administer the assessments in either format on a student-by-student basis. (ORC 3301.0711)

Kindergarten readiness assessment

• Requires the Early Childhood Comprehensive Assessment Advisory Group to make recommendations for improving the kindergarten readiness assessment. (Section 6)

Reading improvement plans

• Requires a school district, community school, or STEM school in which less than 80% of its students attain a “proficient” score on the third-grade English language arts assessment to establish a reading improvement plan supported by reading specialists. (ORC 3301.0715)

School mandate reports

• Requires the Department to establish, distribute, and monitor a school mandate report for school districts. Requires each school district or school to complete and file a school mandate report on an annual basis and provide a written explanation to its board of education if an item within the report was not completed. This report includes: (1) staff training on the use of physical restraint or seclusion on students; (2) staff training on harassment, intimidation, or bullying; (3) staff training on the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillators; (4) the establishment of a wellness committee; (5) compliance with nutritional standards; (6) screening of students for sensory or health problems and developmental disorders; and (7) compliance with open enrollment laws. (ORC 3301.68)

State report card

• Increases from 10 to 30 the minimum number of students in a subgroup for student performance data to be reported. (ORC 3302.03)

Nonteaching employee contracts

• Requires nonteaching school employees to be employed for seven years, rather than three years, prior to receiving a continuing contract (tenure). (ORC 3319.081)

Educator license grade bands

• Sets educator license grade bands as only preK-5, 4-9, or 7-12. (ORC 3319.22)

Educator licenses for substitute teaching

• Requires the State Board to establish new standards for obtaining an educator license for substitute teaching that require a post-secondary degree, but not in any specific subject area. (ORC 3319.226)

• Allows unlimited time in the classroom for substitutes with a post-secondary degree in education or a subject directly related to the subject area of the class. Allows a substitute to teach for one semester with a degree in an unrelated subject, and allows for longer periods upon approval by the school board. (ORC 3319.226)

Teaching outside of subject area or grade level

• Allows school districts to assign a teacher to a subject area for which the teacher is not licensed or to a grade level that is within two grades of the teacher’s licensure grade band for up to three years, if the teacher has at least three years of experience and passes a context exam. Allows the teacher to become fully licensed in the new teaching area or grade after one year if the teacher completes the pedagogy and instruction in teaching reading required for the new assignment. (ORC 3319.361)

Excessively absent students

• Specifies that when determining whether a student is “excessively absent” for the purposes of an absence intervention plan, a school district or school must consider only that student’s unexcused absences, rather than both excused and unexcused absences as under current law. (ORC 3321.191)

Special education preschool staffing

• Requires that a minimum of ten hours of services per week be provided for each disabled child served by a center-based teacher, unless otherwise specified in the child’s individualized education program. (ORC 3323.022)

Professional development for gifted services providers

• Requires the State Board to revise gifted operating standards so that a teacher designated as a gifted services provider must have at least 60 hours of gifted professional development over the first four years of the designation, except that an Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate teacher must have only 30 hours over that period. (Section 5)

Intervention Specialists

• Requires licenses for intervention specialists to specify the grade band (preK-5, 4-9, or 7-12) for which the teacher is licensed, but requires licenses for mild-moderate or moderate-intensive interventional specialists to be for grades K-12. (ORC 3319.2210)

Alternative Licenses for Career-Technical Education

• Requires the State Board to adopt rules establishing requirements for career-technical workforce development educator licenses for grades 4-12. Requires issuing an initial license to an employed applicant who has five years of work experience in the subject area and is enrolled in a career-technical education teacher prep program. Requires issuing an advanced license upon completion of the program and passage of a summative performance-based assessment. (ORC 3319.229)

Early College High Schools

• Creates a four-year, non-renewable provisional license to teach grades 7-12 in an Early College High School. Qualifies the teacher for a professional license upon completion of four years of teaching and passage of a pedagogy exam. (3319.262)

Highly Qualified Teachers

• Eliminates references in law to “highly qualified teachers.” (Various sections)

Ohio Teacher Evaluation System

• Requires the Department to revise the State Board’s state framework for teacher evaluations, based on the recommendations of the Educator Standards Board, and to submit a summary of its revisions to the State Board by May 1, 2019. Requires school districts to update their teacher evaluation policies by July 1, 2019. (ORC 3319.111 and 3319.112)

• Eliminates student academic growth as a specific percentage of the evaluation. (ORC 3319.112)

• Requires that the evaluation use “high-quality data,” as defined by the Department. (ORC 3319.112)

• Retains the option to evaluate “skilled” teachers every other year and “accomplished” teachers every third year, as long as the teachers have submitted a professional growth plan. (ORC 3319.111)

• Prohibits shared attribution and the use of student learning objectives. (3319.112)

• Directs the Department to do a pilot program for the 2018-2019 school year to test implementation of the revised framework. (Section 7)

Professional Development

• Requires use of professional development standards in developing professional growth plans. (ORC 3319.075)

College Credit Plus

• Lowers the secondary school’s share of textbook costs from 100% to 50%. Increases the student’s share of textbook costs from 0% to 50%, but requires the school to pay 100% of textbook costs for students with a family income up to 200% of the poverty level. (ORC 3365.072)

• Requires the Department to conduct a study on the results and cost-effectiveness of the College Credit Plus Program. (Section 3)

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CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM IS A HOT TOPIC AT SBOE!

It’s a complicated issue that requires partnerships with parents and the community.

Educators know that students need to be in school in order to take ownership of their learning and their future!

https://education.ohio.gov/getattachment/Topics/Chronic-Absenteeism/House-Bill-410-FAQ.pdf.aspx?lang=en-US

SEE CLEVELAND’S EFFORTS TO GET STUDENTS TO SCHOOL!

http://video.edweek.org/detail/video/5757163498001/cleveland-schools-use-incentives-parent-outreach-to-reduce-chronic-absences?autoStart=true&cmp=eml-enl-vid-p1

Editorial: Yes on Issue 1 for congressional redistricting plan

Source: Editorial: Yes on Issue 1 for congressional redistricting plan

A lot of good folks worked many hours to get enough citizen signatures and to get this on the May Primary Ballot!

This is what democracy looks like!

BIG THANKS TO ALL!

Now we all need to do our research about issues and candidates                                                               and then……..GO VOTE!

SBOE REVIEWS INTERIM REPORT CARD WORKGROUP REPORT

REPORT TO THE OHIO STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

UPDATED – July 3, 2018

Note: This report is a summary of committee recommendations to date.

It does not reflect official policy of the State Board of Education or the Ohio Department of Education.

BACKGROUND

The State Board of Education invited education stakeholders to participate in an expanded series of Accountability and Continuous Improvement Committee meetings, as noted in Ohio’s Strategic Plan for Education, to address short-term (2017-18 Report Card) and long-term (next iteration of the Report Card) issues surrounding the Ohio School Report Cards. The group reviewed each element of the report card including the federal ESSA requirements, state Ohio Revised Code requirements, state board authority and previously identified issues and options.

The group recognizes the value of the Report Card as part of the statewide accountability system. At the same time, it shares a belief that the current version needs improvement by means of additional clarity and providing a more complete story for each district and school.

Report Cards are very high profile and generate much interest from stakeholders across the state. Many ongoing discussions are occurring regarding the purpose and future of Ohio School report cards.

Multiple legislative proposals have been presented to the General Assembly including work by Representative Mike Duffey (R- Worthington) who has actively participated in the work of this committee. Other groups including the Buckeye Association of School Administrators (BASA), Ohio

Association for Gifted Children and the Fordham Institute have made recommendations that informed the work of this committee.

The desired outcome of the group is to collaboratively work on improving the Report Card in order to better communicate the story of Ohio’s schools and districts by making recommendations to the State Board of Education’s Accountability and Continuous Improvement Committee. These recommendations could include Board actions through their direct authority and/or recommendations for future legislative change.

PURPOSES OF THE REPORT CARD

Ohio School Report Cards are designed to meet multiple purposes. The group has identified these as the most important:

Support the state’s interest in gauging its education system’s performance: The state has a legitimate interest in knowing how well its education system performs, and the extent to which the students in the system are being prepared for future success. District and school report cards help the state to identify excellence as well as underperformance. In the latter case, report cards identify districts and schools that need support with improvement efforts.

Advance equity: Ensuring equity in the education system is challenging. A well-designed accountability system can help shine light on inequities based on specific student characteristics – socio-economic status, race/ethnicity, disability, English language competency, etc.

Communicate to parents and the community: Report cards can provide communities with information related to certain aspects of the preparation of students for future success. It should answer key questions:

• Are students, generally, learning foundational skills and knowledge?

• Are subgroups of students learning foundational skills and knowledge?

• Is the school or district improving in its fundamental mission to educate students?

Support school and district improvement efforts: Report cards can drive discussions among local boards, teachers and administrators about the causes of underperformance and the strategies and actions that can lead to improvement. The data included demonstrates to educators, school administrators and families where their schools are succeeding as well as areas where they need to improve. The data provided by the report card system, combined with important local data, becomes the basis for a continuous improvement process to build on areas of success and identify targeted plans to address challenges. There are many examples across the state where report card data has stimulated actions to be taken to improve education.

What report cards are not: Report cards are not meant to replace local data, but instead should complement local data sources. Report cards are annual, summative snapshots of performance and are not meant to be formative. Report Card data, including the corresponding diagnostic information, should inform ongoing instructional decisions, but are not intended to be the primary source of information used during the school year to make adjustments to instructional activity. Report cards are not intended to be punitive even though some people may use them in this manner.

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

The group’s work was guided by these design principles:

• Fair: Perhaps the most common complaint about report cards is whether they fairly portray the performance of the school or district. Report cards need to be fair.

• Honest: Report cards need to be able to honesty differentiate between schools and districts that are performing well and those that are not. They need to be an honest portrayal of what is happening.

• Reliable and Valid: Report cards should provide information that consistently measures the concepts intended to be measured.

• Clear and Easy to Understand: While the measures may be complex, the public facing communications should be clear, easy to understand, and simplified.

RECOMMENDATIONS

It is in that context that this list of recommendations regarding the state report card is presented, as well a recommendation for additional work to be initiated soon.

ACHIEVEMENT

The Indicators Met measure within the Achievement Component has inherent weaknesses (such as not differentiating between schools that are close to meeting or far from meeting a target).

1) Legislative recommendation: Therefore, the Achievement components should rely solely on the performance index. The Indicators Met measure should be eliminated as a graded measure. Data about the percentage of students performing proficient or better on state assessments should continue to be reported. For comparison purposes, reporting should also include similar districts and state level data.

K-3 LITERACY

The Committee has determined that the current K-3 Literacy component is misleading. Report card users think it is a measure literacy performance for all K-3 students when in fact it is a complicated portrayal of efforts to improve outcomes for struggling readers. Some schools may have a small number of students struggling with literacy, while the vast majority of students are succeeding – but the current measure only reflects the struggling students. Making sense of this measure is very challenging.

1) Legislative recommendation: It is recommended that the K-3 Literacy measure be eliminated. If an early literacy measure continues to be included, it should be the Promotion Rate which measures the percentage of students meeting literacy requirements to be promoted to the fourth grade. This should include comparisons to similar districts and the state average.

2) Additional consideration: If the current measure is maintained, it should be renamed to more accurately reflect its focus on struggling readers; and the label of “Not Rated” should be reconsidered for clarity.

PREPARED FOR SUCCESS

The committee believes the Prepared for Success measure has promise. Its current structure does not appropriately value different accomplishments. Its tiered structure adds confusion and makes debatable differentiations between various accomplishments. The group discussed several options to improve the Prepared for Success measure.

1) Legislative recommendation: The Prepared for Success measure should be refined to include additional measures of college, career and life preparedness (for example: military enlistment, ASVAB, CLEP, CTAG, career prep program credentials, Ohio Means Jobs Readiness Seal, etc.).

2) Board Recommendation: The Committee also recommends that the dual tier structure of Prepared for Success be restructured into a single tier that provides similar credit for all measures (for example, AP and College Credit Plus would have the same weight as remediation free status).

3) Board Recommendation: The above recommendations should apply to the Career Technical Planning District Report Card as well.

VALUE-ADDED

The Committee recognizes the importance of growth measures in understanding the progress of students and supports its use as an important equity consideration. At the same time, measuring growth is complex and Ohio’s current system has many challenges including how the measure is communicated, translated into a letter grade, and interrelated with other policies and systems (such as formative assessments).

1) Board Recommendation: The ACI Committee’s Report Card Stakeholder Workgroup shall reconvene in October 2018 to further explore options for all identified themes related to value-added. See Appendix A.

A-F LETTER GRADES

The Committee spent much time discussing the A-F letter grade system, which is the current system of meaningful differentiation of school and district performance required by state law and used to meet federal ESSA requirements.

1) Legislative recommendation: The committee recommends eliminating all A-F letter grades for the entire report card; and replacing the rating system with a system of descriptive labels (e.g. ‘Exceeds Standards’, ‘Meets Standards’, ‘Approaching Standards’ and ‘Does Not Meet Standards’); while still maintaining high expectations and aspirational goals.

• The Committee recommends revisiting this issue in more detail when reconvening in the fall.

DESIGN and COMMUNICATIONS

The committee extensively considered how the “report card” is presented. To some, the report card is the landing page (first screen) that appears on a computer screen when a school or district is selected on the Department’s report card web page. Others consider the report card to include all pages of the report card PDF – in many cases in excess of 30 pages. Ultimately users need to be able to access both high level information as well as the background detail. However, the most important consideration is what appears on the first page. In all actions taken to improve the report card, the goal is for the first page to provide clarity of content and be understandable to parents, caregivers, and the community.

1) Department recommendations: The design could be improved by:

• Adding more descriptive narrative on the purpose of the report card to the landing page (i.e. homepage);

• Reviewing language to improve clarity; and ensure clear definitions and descriptions of measures are accessible up front;

• Relocating the “District Profile” link to the Report Card overview for increased prominence;

• Adding additional clarifying language regarding the graduation rate cohorts.

FUTURE CONSIDERATIONS

The workgroup participated in a brainstorm activity with the purpose of generating ideas for future consideration to be addressed beginning in the fall of 2018. The following is a list of the ideas generated by the group:

• Reconvene this workgroup in October 2018 to further consider more complex issues around the Report Card

• Further explore opportunities to improve the value-added measure

• Further discuss the A-F system and other rating systems, including a review of descriptive labels used by other states.

We, the members of the Accountability and Continuous Improvement Report Card Workgroup, appreciate the opportunity to be part of this process to make a meaningful contribution to addressing the present challenge of the Ohio School Report Card.

Committee Members

Nancy Hollister, Chair

Cathye Flory, Vice Chair

Lisa Woods

Pat Bruns

Laura Kohler

Antoinette Miranda

Eric Poklar

Charles Froehlich

External Committee

Randy Smith, OSBA

Stephanie Starcher, BASA

Scott Emery, OAESA

Tyler Keener, OASSA

Margie Toy Ma, OPTA

Donna O’Connor, OEA

Brad Dillman, OFT

Jamey Palma, Career Tech

Jan Osborn, ESC

APPENDIX A: VALUE-ADDED THEMES

While clear recommendations have not yet emerged, several key themes have been identified for future discussion when the Committee reconvenes.

1) Testing structure. The Committee understands that the Value-Added system is exclusively dependent on the underlying assessments used. The Committee discussed the differences in intent and practice of formative assessment systems (such as MAP and STAR) and state assessments. In many cases, formative systems provide useful information that the current state system is not intended or designed to provide. At the same time, multiple testing structures lead to concerns about over-testing and incoherent feedback from the data. The committee is interested in exploring innovative approaches to formative assessments or state testing that may address these concerns. This could include working with formative assessment vendors to address state concerns on issues such as alignment with state standards and, in particular, the depth of knowledge required to meet state standards.

2) Formally studying the relationship between state and vendor test results. A related point is that state data and formative vendor data do not always produce consistent results, even though they are both supposedly aligned to state standards. The committee discussed possible reasons for this (breadth and depth, above grade level testing, etc.). However, it would be beneficial to more formally study and understand these relationships.

3) Distribution of results. While the committee discussed a general preference to eliminate all A-F letter grades (including Value-Added), concerns were also raised about the distribution of letter grades in the current system. Specifically, there are concerns regarding the “W” shaped distribution of results for Value-Added, that is, significant numbers of A’s and F’s, very few B’s and C’s, and a moderate amount of C’s. This issue was also raised during ESSA stakeholder feedback and reiterated by staff. This phenomenon is solely a function of where/how the letter grade cut lines are established – a policy that is prescribed in state law, but for which recommendations to adjust could be made.

4) Number of years of data. A related point, and one that had been raised during ESSA stakeholder engagement (particularly from urban districts) is the statutorily required use of three years of data. The Value-Added grade is essentially a three-year average, which means that results from previous years influence current and future grades. Districts with poor results a few years ago are still connected to those results even if improvements have since occurred. This three-year approach was implemented to add more stability to the measure, but conversely means the measure is not necessarily reflective of the most recent year.

5) Relative weight of growth measure. Many measures, especially achievement measures, are correlated with socio-economic status. All students, regardless of their starting point, can show growth in Ohio’s system and the Value-Added measures are designed to measure that growth – which is an important tool with which to evaluate the equity of educational outcomes. Many stakeholders have suggested increasing the relative weight of growth measures. Currently, it is equal to achievement (by state law), and 20% of the overall grade (by administrative rule).

6) Technical fixes. There are some technical options that could be considered including the following:

a. How to communicate grades (ratings) when a school’s achievement improves, but does not meet growth expectations.

b. The current subgroup demotion when calculating the component grade. In state law, schools cannot receive an “A” for the Progress Component if any of the subgroup grades are lower than a “B”.

c. The interpretation of the Value-Added gain index, which is currently based on growth and a measure of statistical strength.

d. The availability of a predictive model to support the system properly accounting for gifted students (e.g. how do middle school students count when they accelerate over a grade into Algebra I?) and assisting with acceleration decisions.

7) Communications. Measuring growth is inherently complex and there are known challenges to effectively communicating Value-Added measures. These range from branding, to interpretation, to understanding the formula. The communication challenges vary between different audiences – how value-added should be communicated to parents is different than how it should be communicated to Building Leadership Teams (BLTs).

8) Training and Professional Learning. Emphasis should also be placed on education and training on ValueAdded data and measures. This could build on the current structure of Regional Data Leads (RDLs).